Borders / Outlying Settlement Expansion 

Many experts argue that Israeli settlement growth in the West Bank poses a threat to the two-state solution. Expansion of settlements — especially those further from the 1967 lines — increases the number of Israelis who would likely find themselves outside the territory annexed to Israel in a land swap. These Israelis will likely need to be relocated from settlements deeper in the West Bank, although some have also suggested they could be incorporated into the  Palestinian state as Palestinian citizens, or Israeli citizens with Palestinian residency. As outlying communities continue to grow, there may come a point — some argue soon — when relocation is no longer politically feasible. Notably, the current Israeli government has voiced opposition to evacuation.

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